Fire is the cause of many material losses - it also poses a threat to people and animals in the area of its operation. Fortunately, along with the development of technology and the constantly increasing technical knowledge of specialists, the requirements for fire protection of buildings and building regulations change as well.
Ways of fire protection of the building
We divide fire protection into two basic types. Active and passive protection. The role of active protection is, first of all, the fastest possible provision of information on the occurrence of a fire situation to building users and fire brigade employees. The form of such protection will therefore be emergency exits, as well as all kinds of extinguishing systems, alarms and smoke detectors. In addition, active fire protection is to enable attempts to extinguish or stop the spreading fire. In turn, passive protection - in other words, protection of the structure - consists in granting the so-called fire resistance of individual elements of the building structure, thus strengthening the load-bearing capacity of these elements and preventing further spread of fire. This resistance is achieved, among others, by through vertical and horizontal surface protection - e.g. interior partitions or suspended floors. Passive protection also includes insulating materials in the form of, for example, intumescent fire-retardant coatings used to fire-retardant steel structures of buildings or fire-retardant sprays for reinforced concrete structures.
Fire protection of buildings is extremely important, first of all, because their use helps to protect the people staying in them, and secondly - the property. Therefore, the use of appropriate fire retardants should be an indispensable point of all construction works - moreover, this task should be entrusted to a qualified team specializing in this field. We should also remember that it is not worth saving on fire protection - we should always choose high quality over low price.