The most important aspect of fire protection in buildings are the so-called fire protection. They fall into two types. The first includes active fire protection, the role of which is active fire protection. The second type is passive fire protection, which is obtained thanks to proper insulation of the building structure.
Active fire protection
Active fire protection is the most popular form of fire protection - mainly due to their wide selection on the market and the ease of their installation. This category includes active methods of fire prevention, i.e. smoke detectors, alarms and extinguishing systems, as well as - when a fire breaks out - the act of extinguishing it by people. Among active fire protection devices, we can also mention installations whose task is to facilitate the evacuation of people from a burning building (e.g. smoke dampers). In short, we can talk about active fire protection in the case of all actions and fire protections, the purpose of which is to extinguish a fire in a building.
Passive fire protection
The second category of fire protection includes materials and insulating elements whose task is to slow down the heating of the building. These are, for example, fire-retardant sprays to protect reinforced concrete structures or professional fire-retardant paints for steel structures. Among other forms of passive protection, one can also mention the placement of load-bearing elements outside the building outline or the so-called horizontal and vertical surface fire protection in the form of suspended ceilings and partition walls. In summary, the main purpose of passive fire protection is to ensure that the structure of the building remains intact in the event of a fire.
There is no doubt that the issue of fire protection should be taken into account at the time of planning the structure - this will allow us to implement effective solutions with which we will provide the building with appropriate fire protection.